What are bedbugs?

Bedbugs are small parasitic insects that feed on human blood. They are shaped like an oval and are about the size of an apple seed. The insects can be reddish-brown or tan and have a flat body. We do not know them to carry any diseases, but their stings can cause itchy red welts. They can be challenging to detect and can hide in mattresses, bedding, closets, and cracks in walls. They can come out at night to feed on the blood of people and animals. These parasites are active from March to September, but they can survive in any temperature.

Source and prevention of bedbugs

There are several ways to get bedbugs, but the most typical way is through contact with an infected person. The insect can travel on clothing, luggage, furniture, and other items. It can also travel on pets.

There are a few things you can do to help prevent bedbugs:

  1. Check your hotel room before unpacking. Look for red marks or blood stains on the sheets and around the mattress.
  2. Inspect your luggage before bringing it into your home.
  3. Clean your furniture and bedding.
  4. Get a pet bedbug detector to help you monitor your home.
  5. If you find these unwanted bugs, call a professional to help get rid of them.

Identifying bedbugs

Bedbugs are one of the most difficult pest problem to identify. While these insects can be difficult to spot, there are a few key characteristics that can help you distinguish them from other pests.

  • Bedbugs are wingless and have a flattened body, which allows them to easily hide in cracks and crevices.
  • They also have a segmented body with six legs and two antennae, and they will often leave a musty odor in the areas they inhabit.
  • Look for signs of their presence, such as tiny, red-brown spots on walls or furniture. These spots are the result of bedbug feces, which can be seen with the naked eye.
  • Additionally, bedbugs often leave behind cast skins, or empty shells, as they grow and shed their exoskeletons.
  • Bedbugs are nocturnal and tend to hide during the day. They will emerge at night to feed on sleeping humans or pets, and bites from bedbugs can cause itchy, red welts on the skin.

Types of bedbugs

There are three different types of bedbugs: the common bedbug (Cimex lectularius), the tropical bedbug (Cimex hemipterus), and the bat bug (Cimex adjunctus).

The common bedbug is the most common type found in the United States and is found in homes, apartments, dormitories, and other dwellings. These insects are usually found in bedding and mattresses, but can also be found in other furniture, behind wallpaper, in floor cracks, and in other dark, secluded areas.

The tropical bedbug is found in certain parts of the world, including South America, Central America, Mexico, the Caribbean, and some parts of the United States. They tend to hide in furniture, behind wallpaper, and in other dark, secluded areas.

The bat bug is found primarily in the northern United States and Canada and is typically found in houses with bats. It looks very similar to the common bedbug, but is smaller and darker.

All three types of bedbugs can cause physical and psychological distress due to their bites, and they can also contaminate surfaces and spread to other areas of the home.

Preventing bedbugs

Preventing bedbugs from entering your home can be a difficult and daunting task. However, by taking the right steps, you can make sure that these pesky pests don’t make your house their home. Here are some practical tips that you can use to keep bedbugs away from your home:

Inspect your home regularly for signs of bedbugs. Be sure to check around your bed, furniture, and other items that can be potential bedbug hiding spots. Look for small, dark-colored spots, which could indicate the presence of bedbugs.

Vacuum your home frequently. This can help to reduce the number of bedbugs in your home. Be sure to vacuum furniture, carpets, and other areas where bedbugs may be present.

Use mattress and pillow encasement. These encasement can help to keep bedbugs out of your bedding. Make sure to check them regularly for any signs of bedbugs.

Wash and dry bedding, clothing, and other items on the highest heat setting possible. This can help to kill any bedbugs that may be present.

Avoid bringing second-hand furniture into your home. Bedbugs can easily hide in furniture, so it is best to avoid used items if possible.

Seal any cracks and crevices in your home. Bedbugs can easily enter through these small openings. Use caulk or some other type of sealant to close any potential entry points.

Regularly inspect your luggage when returning from trips. Bedbugs can easily travel from one location to another, so it is important to check your bags for any signs of an infestation.


Effective bedbug control

Bedbugs are one of the most challenging pests to control, as they can live in numerous places, reproduce quickly, and can become resistant to some of the most commonly used insecticides. The most effective methods of controlling bedbugs include a combination of the following:

Vacuuming: This is one of the most important steps in controlling bedbugs. Vacuuming removes the visible bedbugs and their eggs, as well as any debris and other materials that are present.

Heat Treatment: Heat treatment is an effective way to control bedbugs, as it kills them and their eggs quickly. Heat treatment is often used in combination with other methods, such as vacuuming, to ensure that all bedbugs are eliminated.

Insecticides: Insecticides are another effective way to control bedbugs. However, it is important to use the correct insecticide and to follow the instructions carefully, as some bedbugs can become resistant to certain insecticides.

Encasement: Encasement are a great way to prevent bedbugs from entering or exiting mattresses and box springs. The encasement should be tightly sealed and regularly inspected for signs of bedbugs.

Integrated Pest Management: Integrated pest management is a comprehensive approach to pest control that involves using a combination of methods, such as vacuuming, heat treatment, insecticides, and encasement.


Despite the difficulties of eradicating bedbugs, there are several steps that can be taken to help minimize an infestation. Residents should keep their living environment clean and examine any second-hand furniture or clothing before bringing it into their home. If you discover these parasites, report them to a pest control professional.