What is melatonin?

Melatonin is a hormone that is supplied by the pineal gland in the brain. It plays a role in controlling the body’s circadian rhythm, which is the natural cycle of sleep and wakefulness. It is also involved in regulating other body functions, covering the immune system and metabolism.

Advantages of, and Alternatives to melatonin

There are many advantages as well as alternatives to melatonin. It is a hormone that is made by the pineal gland in the brain and it regulates the body’s sleep-wake cycles. It is accessible as a supplement and considered by many to be effective in treating sleep disorders. There are many alternatives to the hormone, including herbs and other supplements. Some people find that it is not effective for them, so they may need to try alternatives.

Some advantages of melatonin include that it is a natural substance, it is easy to obtain, and it is cheap. It is safe and non-habit-forming. We also know it to be effective in treating sleep disorders. Some alternatives include herbs such as lavender and chamomile, and supplements such as valerian root and passionflower. We can absorb these herbs and supplements in tea or in capsule form. Some people find these alternatives are more effective than melatonin for them, while others find they are not as effective. It is important to try different alternatives until you find one that works best for you.

Man trying to fall asleep Melatonin
Hands of a young man from under the blankets hold a retro vintage alarm clock in gray. The person holds a clock, need to wake up.

How melatonin works

Melatonin is responsible for regulating the body’s internal clock and playing a role in sleep-wake cycles. It can be produced synthetically and then used as a supplement to treat a variety of sleep-related disorders, such as insomnia and jet lag.

The body’s production of melatonin is triggered by darkness and suppressed by light. When it is dark, the pineal gland releases the hormone, which signals to the body that it is time to sleep. As the body begins production, other processes and hormones that regulate wakefulness begin to slow down. Melatonin is metabolized quickly in the body, so its effects are short-term. It is not a sleeping pill, and it does not treat the underlying causes of sleep problems.

Melatonin has also been studied for its potential to combat a variety of illnesses and conditions. It has been found to have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, which may help to protect against a range of diseases. According to these studies, it also plays a role in reducing symptoms of depression and anxiety.

down pillow

Types of melatonin

Endogenously produced (natural) melatonin, is produced by the body’s pineal gland. It promotes healthy sleep patterns and is one of the body’s most important regulators of circadian rhythms. It is released in response to darkness, and is typically taken in the evening to help promote sleep. Natural melatonin generally considered to have fewer side effects than its synthetic counterpart, so it is considered safe for most people.

Synthetic melatonin, on the other hand, is a man-made form of the hormone. It is available in a variety of forms, such as tablets, capsules, and liquid drops. While generally safe, there are some potential side effects associated with its use, such as headaches, dizziness, and nausea. Synthetic melatonin may also interact with certain medications, so consult a doctor before using it.


Melatonin is a hormone that is produced by the pineal gland in the brain. It helps to regulate the body’s natural sleep-wake cycle. It is also a powerful antioxidant.